Tag Archives: Garner

Week 5 (In the Census) – Alice B. James Garner

The prompt this week is “In the Census.” In sticking with what has become my theme this year, I am writing about another female ancestor. This week it is my great-grandmother Alice Bertha James Garner. She was born in 1876 and died in 1961. Keeping in mind that only the names of the head of household were listed prior to 1850, Alice is my female ancestor who, at this point, will appear in the most censuses by name. She was enumerated from 1880 to 1940 and will be on the 1950 and 1960 censuses when they are eventually released.


Alice was born on July 25, 1876 to Charles Morgan James and Emma E. Ibach.1  Her father Charles was a prominent and prosper miller. He began milling in 1859 at the age of about 21 or 22, following in the foot-steps of his father Benjamin F. James. A couple of years later he married Emma E. Ibach, daughter of William Ibach and Sarah Wien. By 1872 he and his young family were living in Coventryville, Chester County, Pennsylvania where he owned and operated a mill.2 It was in Coventryville that my great-grandmother Alice was born.

Alice was the youngest of the nine known children born to Charles and Emma. They were Annie, William, Sarah, Laura, Charles, twins Harold and Edward who both died in infancy, Alfred who also died in infancy and Alice.3 The 1880 census is the the first in which Alice appears. The family was enumerated in Coventryville, Chester, Pennsylvania. All of the older children (from 17-year old Annie to 8-year old Charles) attended school. Alice, being only 3, did not.4 The family portrait shown below was taken at their home about that time.


Unfortunately, not too long after the above photo was taken, Emma Ibach James died of cancer. She died in 1884, just weeks before Alice turned eight.5 One of my aunts (who has since passed away) believed that Charles remarried and that Alice was raised by a step-mother. Alice could apparently skin potatoes with a paring knife removing very little of the potato itself. According to my aunt, Alice was forced to learn this skill from her step-mother.  However, in years of searching, I have never been able to find any record that suggests that Charles remarried. He obviously would have needed help on the domestic front. Perhaps it was actually Alice’s step-grandmother, the second wife of her grandfather Benjamin F. James, or an aunt, other relative or even a housekeeper who stepped in after her mother’s death.

I have also been told by various family members that Alice was well-educated. Some say she attended Normal School. Normal Schools were the original name of what were later called the Pennsylvania State Teacher’s Colleges and now are the PSSHE (Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education) universities. It is my understanding that in Alice’s day these schools would have had a 2 year program. The James family lived closest to the normal schools in West Chester and Kutztown, but I have not been able to find any corroborating evidence to suggest that Alice attended either of these schools.  Another aunt has told me that Alice attended Ellis School for Girls. This sounds to me like a “finishing” school, but I have not been able to find any information on it.

In 1896, just weeks before her 20th birthday, Alice and her beau Nathan Garner married in Camden, New Jersey.6 Nathan had rather humble roots compared to Alice. His father David was a stone-mason. The family lived in a small house on the north side of Phoenixville, Pennsylvania where David was probably employed by the Phoenix Iron Company.7 Nathan, however, grew-up on the East Coventry farm of  Nathan and Eliza Moyer.8  Eliza was a sister to Nathan’s mother Margaret Youngblood. No one is quite sure why Nathan lived with his aunt and uncle. Maybe the Moyers, who only had two children of their own, needed help. David and Margaret had a family of four sons and three daughters. Perhaps because Nathan was the namesake of his uncle, he was the one chosen to go live on the farm.

No one in my immediate family knows the story of how Alice and Nathan met. If Nathan had lived in Phoenixville with his family, their paths may never have crossed. But fortunately for all of their descendants, they did meet, marry and raise a large family. By the 1900 census they were the parents of 3 children – including a new-born.9 About that time Lawrence (the eldest and my grandfather) was sent to live with Nathan’s cousin Flora Moyer and her husband Hilary Epright. Flora was one of the cousins with whom Nathan was raised. No one is sure whether Lawrence’s situation was supposed to be temporary, but as Nathan and Alice had more children and less space, it became permanent. By 1910 Nathan, Alice and their enlarging family lived on a rented farm in East Coventry.10 By 1920, they were in a small rented home in the borough of Pottstown and Nathan was working as a laborer at a foundry.11

In a span of 22 years, Alice and Nathan had 10 children. They were Lawrence, Elizabeth, Anna, Frank, Sara, Harry & Charlie (twins), Laura, Mary and Leonard. Unfortunately, Nathan died in 1925. He was only 53 years old, but his death certificate suggests that he may have suffered a stroke.12 Alice had five children who were still under 18 at the time. Leonard, the youngest, was seven. Ironically he was the same age that she was when she lost her mother. Alice and her younger children continued living in the same rented house in Pottstown through 1930 and 1940.13,14 In fact, I believe that Alice and her sons Frank and Leonard, neither of whom ever married, lived there until Alice’s death.

Alice died in October of 1961, By then she had lost not only her husband, but also her three oldest children. Anna, who was the newborn baby in 1900, died in 1943. Elizabeth, who was born in 1898, died in 1949. And Alice’s eldest child, my grandfather Lawrence, died of a heart attack in May of 1961. Alice died only two months later in July. At the time of her death she was survived by seven children, 15 grandchildren and 10 great-grandchildren.15

Alice is buried in Edgewood Cemetery in Pottstown, PA next to her husband Nathan.16


  1. Pennsylvania (State). Death certificates, 1906–1963. Series 11.90 (1,905 cartons). Records of the Pennsylvania Department of Health, Record Group 11. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Death cert for Alice B. Garner
  2. “Obituary of Charles M. James,” Daily Pottstown Ledger, 3 August 1908, contains biographical information.
  3. List of the children of Charles James & Emma Ibach, in Family Papers Collection, privately held by Janis Tomko, [address for private use]. hand written notes of Dr. Laura Yeager Sampsell.
  4. 1880 United States Federal Census[database on-line]. Lehi, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2010. Census Place: Coventryville, Chester, Pennsylvania; Roll: 1115; Page: 422A; Enumeration District: 096. Household of Charles M. James
  5. “Death from a Surgical Operation,” Montgomery Ledger, 8 July 1884, obituary of Emma E. James.
  6. Marriage Certificate. Privately held by Janis Tomko., Marriage Certificate of Nathan M. Garner and Alice James
  7. 1880 U.S. census, Heritage Quest, Digital images (National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), T9, roll 1115, PA, Chester, Phoenixville, enumeration district (ED) 86, p. 278, dwelling 395, family 418, Garner, David (head), accessed 8 Oct 2009.
  8. 1880 U.S. census, Heritage Quest, Digital images (National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), T9, roll 1115, East Coventry, Chester County, Pennsylvania, enumeration district (ED) 94, p. 393, Nathan Moyer – head of household, accessed 8 Oct 2009.
  9. 1900 U.S. census, Ancestry.com, Digital images (National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), T623, roll 1442, Limerick, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, enumeration district (ED) 209, sheet 3A, p. 281 (stamped), Nathan Garner – head of household, accessed 6 Jan 2011.
  10. 1910 U.S. census, Ancestry.com, Digital images (National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), T624, roll 1327, East Coventry, Chester County, Pennsylvania, enumeration district (ED) 18, sheet 10B, Nathan M. Garner – head of household, accessed 6 Jan 2011.
  11. 1920 U.S. census, Heritage Quest, Digital images (National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), T625, roll 1607, PA, Montgomery, Pottstown, enumeration district (ED) 161, sheet 8A, p. 130, dwelling 159, family 169, Garner, Nathan (head), accessed 8 Oct 2009.
  12. Pennsylvania (State). Death certificates, 1906–1963. Series 11.90 (1,905 cartons). Records of the Pennsylvania Department of Health, Record Group 11. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Death cert for Nathan M. Garner
  13. 1930 U.S. census, Ancestry.com, Digital images (National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), T626, roll 2084, Pottstown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, enumeration district (ED) 121, sheet 13B, Alice Garner – head of household, accessed 6 Jan 2011
  14. Ancestry.com. 1940 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2012. Census Place: Pottstown, Montgomery, Pennsylvania; Roll: m-t0627-03583; Page: 5B; Enumeration District: 46-172. Household of Alice Garner
  15. “Chester County Native Dies At Age 85,” The Pottstown Mercury, 18 October 1961, obituary of Alice James Garner.
  16. Tombstone Photographs – digital images (privately held by Janis Tomko), Edgewood Cemetery (Pottstown), photographed 6/12/2005.

Week 2 (Favorite Photo) – Mary Pennypacker Garner

For the second week of the 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks Challenge the prompt is “Favorite Photo.” I was not sure I could really pick a favorite photo because each ancestor photo that I have been lucky enough to get is very important to me. But after thinking about it for a little while, I decided to blog about a tombstone photo that I took myself on a visit to Vincent Baptist Cemetery in Chester Springs (Chester County) PA back in 2005. It is a picture of the gravestone of my third great-grandmother Mary Pennypacker Garner, who was born in 1802 and died in 1852.


Grave of Mary Pennypacker Garner, 1802-1852, Vincent Baptist Churchyard, Chester County, PA

Before I talk about the tombstone photo, I first wanted to blog a bit about Mary. She was born 4 Jul 1802, to Henry Pennypacker and his wife Susanna Zublin.1 She had an older sister Elizabeth and younger siblings James, Aaron, Owen, Sarah and Susan.2 Her father Henry was a farmer in Chester Springs. The Pennypackers were an established family that trace their roots back to the immigrant Heinrich Pennebacker, who immigrated from Holland prior to 1700 and eventually settled in what is now Skippack, Montgomery, Pennsylvania.

Mary married John Garner circa 1822.3 Their known children were Samuel, Susan, Sarah, David, James, Mary and John Jr. Census data suggests there may also have been a daughter born prior to Samuel. The young family seems to have moved around quite a bit. In 1830 they are in East Nantmeal, Chester Co., PA, in 1840 they are in Upper Union Township, Berks Co., PA and in 1850 they are in North Coventry, Chester Co., PA.4,5,6 Mary died in 18521 and by 1860, John is a widower living in Phoenixville, Chester Co., PA.7 Mary is buried next to her mother, Susanna Zublin Pennypacker, and step-father, Valentine Pennypacker (a cousin to her father), in the cemetery at Vincent Baptist Church. While I suspect her father’s family was Mennonite, her mother was a member of this church.

There are several reasons why her tombstone photo is so important to me. First, when I visited the Vincent Baptist Cemetery it was for general research. I knew that several of my ancestors and relatives lived in the area and was hoping to find some family members buried there. However, from what I knew of where the Garners lived based on census and land records, I was not expecting that Mary’s grave would be there. Finding it was wonderfully serendipitous!

Second, though her tombstone was in very rough shape, it was very informative. It gives the name of her husband (John Garner) and her parents (Henry and Susan Pennypacker) in addition to her date of death and age at death. It is, in fact, the only record I have been able to find of her vital information. I have not found her birth, death or marriage dates in church records, newspapers, any sort of family records or any other publications.

And the third reason I am so glad to have this photo is that when I returned to the cemetery about a year or so ago, her tombstone was no longer there! She is buried next to her mother and step-father. That area is now just grass. In the intervening years, her tombstone must have been damaged and/or destroyed and removed. Unfortunately, there was no one on-site at the church to ask. Since this is the only record of her birth and death dates, I am so very glad to have gotten a photo of it before it was gone.


  1. Tombstone Photographs – digital images (privately held by Janis Tomko), Vincent Baptist Cemetery, photographed 9/9/2005. Her tombstone inscription states that she was the wife of John Garner and daughter of Henry and Susan Pennypacker, died Sept 10, 1852, aged 50 years, 2 months and 6 days. (Admittedly, the tombstone is difficult to read, but this is my best interpretation.)
  2. “Pennsylvania Probate Records, 1683-1994,” images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-L99T-NBVZ?cc=1999196&wc=9PMZ-FMZ%3A268496301%2C280294901 : 3 July 2014), Chester > Orphans’ Court records 1822-1831 vol 14-15 > image 259 of 575; county courthouses, Pennsylvania. Petition of Harmon and Matthias Pennypacker, sons of Harmon Pennypacker Sr. names the children of their deceased brother Henry.
  3. Marriage date is based on birth of eldest daughter possibly being circa 1823.
  4. 1830; Census Place: West Nantmeal, Chester, Pennsylvania; Series: M19; Roll: 148; Page: 203; Family History Library Film: 0020622. Household of John Garner
  5. 1840; Census Place: Union, Berks, Pennsylvania; Roll: 438; Page: 395; Family History Library Film: 0020535 Household of John Garner.
  6. 1850 U.S. census, Ancestry.com, Digital images (National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.), Census Place: North Coventry, Chester, Pennsylvania; Roll: M432_765; Page: 171A; Image: 347. Household of John Garner.
  7. 1860; Census Place: Phoenixville, Chester, Pennsylvania; Roll: M653_1092; Page: 697; Family History Library Film: 805092 Household of John Garner

Saturday Night Genealogy Fun – Two Degrees of Separation

It’s been a while since I participated in Randy Seaver’s Saturday Night of Genealogy Fun, so I thought it was about time to give it another try! His original post for this week is here: [link].

The basic idea was to see how far back you could go in your ancestry where a grandparent and grandchild were acquainted. I got back to my 8x’s great-grandfather, John Chalfont, born 1660. It’s sort of a leap of faith that these very distant ancestors were personally acquainted. But since they all lived in Chester Co., Pennsylvania for many generations, I will assume that they actually met.

Since I was feeling creative tonight (must have been that glass of wine LOL – see [link]), I decided to create a quick scrapbook page to show my every-other- generation connection to John Chalfont. I also included the “missing” generations. They are the names without dates. So here it is:

Two Degrees of Separation Layout

How about you – how far back is your “Two Generations of Separation?”

Saturday Night Genealogy Fun (a day late!!)

Randy Seaver at Genea-Musings suggested this on his Saturday Night Genealogy Fun blog post. The mission was to list your 16 great-great grandparents, determine the country and/or state in which they resided at their birth and death, and for extra-credit make a pie chart. Well, first of all, we were out shopping for a bike rack last night (long story), and I never saw his post until very late. So I’m posting a day late! (Better late than never, right?) Since every single one of my great-great grands were born and died in Pennsyvlania, in the good ole USA, I’m skipping the pie chart. It would just be a circle!! I would break it down by counties, but living at the junction of three counties and with my ancestors moving around, I’m afraid it might not be all that accurate.

William Dilliplane, son of Thomas Delaplaine and Mary, born 1820 in Berks County, Pennsylvania; died March 18, 1897 in Berks County, Pennsylvania; married Rachel Yoder Weidner about 1845 probably in Berks County, PA,

Rachel Yoder Weidner, daughter of William P. Weidner and Susanna Yoder, born November 1824 in Berks County, Pennsylvania; died April 1902 in Berks County, Pennsylvania.

Henry Boughter, son of Martin Buchter and Elizabeth Baer, born February 5, 1825 in Berks County, PA; died March 22, 1887 in Pottstown, Montgomery County, PA; married Rachel Levengood in August 1, 1847 at New Hanover Lutheran Church, Montgomery County, PA.

Rachel Levengood, daughter of Matthias Levengood and Elizabeth Reinert, born March 9, 1825 in Oley, Berks County, PA; died May 26, 1911 in Pottstown, Montgomery County, PA

Henry M. Sassaman, son of Andrew Sassaman and Lydia Moser; born October 15, 1835 in Berks County, PA; died August 29, 1922 in Pottstown, Montgomery County, PA; married Harriet Garver on April 4, 1859 at Trinity Reformed Church, Pottstown, Montgomery County, PA

Harriet Garver, daughter of Jacob Garber and Ann Campbell; born December 14, 1836 in Berks County, PA; died May 26, 1906 in Pottstown, Montgomery County, PA.

Augustus L. Bechtel, son of George Bechtel and Catherine Levengood; born August 11, 1832 in West Pottsgrove, Montgomery County, PA; died July 23, 1900 in Glasgow, Montgomery County, PA; married Catherine Bucher about 1851.

Catherine Bucher, daughter of Henry Bucher and Hannah Moser; born February 18, 1836 probably in Pottsgrove, Montgomery County, PA; died July 19, 1905 in Stowe, Montgomery County, PA.

David Garner, son of John Garner and Mary Pennypacker, born July 22, 1831 in Chester County, PA; died October 1, 1918 in Phoenixville, Chester County, PA; married Margaret Youngblood on January 31, 1861 at Brownback’s Church, Chester County, PA

Margaret Youngblood, daughter of Isaac Youngblood and Sarah Whiteside, born April 7, 1836 in Chester County, PA; died October 13, 1914 in Phoenixville, Chester County, PA.

Charles Morgan James, son of Benjamin Franklin James and Margaret Liggett, born July 3, 1837 in Marsh, Chester County, PA; died August 1, 1908 in Coventryville, PA; married Emma E. Ibach on February 28, 1861 in Pottstown, Montgomery County, PA.

Emma E. Ibach, daughter of William Ibach and Sarah Wien, born October 20, 1835 in Berks County, PA; died July 3, 1884 in Philadelphia, PA.

John P. Evans, son of Amos Evans and Catherine Keeley, born July 12, 1840 probably in Limerick, Montgomery County, PA; died October 3, 1906 in East Coventry, Chester County, PA; married Mary Newman on January 2, 1867 in Limerick, Montgomery County, PA.

Mary Newman, daughter of Abraham Newman and Rebecca Derr, born on September 3, 1846 probably in Montgomery County, PA; died August 1, 1916, probably in Pottstown, Montgomery County, PA.

Enos H. Shaner, son of Daniel Shaner and Mary Ann Hoff, born May 1, 1845 probably in North Coventry, Chester County, PA; died July 15, 1897 in Cedarville, Chester County, PA; married Adeline E. Miller January 22, 1868 at Brownback’s Church, Chester County, PA.

Adeline E. Miller, daughter of George K. Miller and Mary Ann Evans, born April 7, 1848 probably in Limerick, Montgomery County, PA; died June 28, 1923 in Cedarville, Chester County, PA.

And there you have it – my great-great-grands. Thanks, Randy, for the Saturday Night Genealogy Fun suggestion!!

Wordless Wednesday – Brothers and Sisters

Photos of my grandmother Ada (Evans) Garner and her brother Herman Evans.

Ada (Evans) Garner and Herman Evans

Credits: background photograph is circa 1920; smaller photograph circa 1907; scrapbook kit is one of my own.